Finnish courts decide all individual cases. Finnish courts are independent and it is bound by the law in force.
Finnish courts has the following types
- District courts
- Courts of appeal
- Supreme Court
- Administrative courts
- The Supreme Administrative Court
- The Market court
- Labor court
- The Insurance court
- High Court of Impeachment
Any criminal case and civil case will be handled in the district courts.
Court of appeal
After handling the criminal and civil case, the case will be appealed in a court of appeal.
The decisions of the courts of appeal, then, can be appealed in the Supreme Court, provided that the Supreme Court grants leave to appeal.
The administrative courts review the decisions of the authorities. The decisions of the administrative courts can be appealed in the Supreme Administrative Court.
There are also certain special courts. These are the Market Court, the Labour Court, the Insurance Court and the High Court of Impeachment.
Ministry of Justice website: http://oikeusministerio.fi/en/frontpage
Finnish court website: https://oikeus.fi/tuomioistuimet/en/
Free legal advice in Finland
Finnish Courts have setup a facility for people to avail free legal advice through a few legal consulting firms in Finland.
You can get a free legal advice from https://oikeus.fi/en/index/laatikot/Legalassistance.html
The Insurance Court
The Insurance Court has jurisdiction in certain matters of social insurance, such as accident insurance, employment pensions, civil service pensions and national pensions. Despite the name, the Insurance Court does not consider all kinds of private insurance contracts by private insurance companies, only those relating to accident insurance.